Increasing Population: A Major Problem in 21st Century 

By: Rahmat Shafiq
The World population is increasing twenty-four hours by twenty-four hours. According to the US Census Bureau, the number of people in the world is 7,125,000,000. Because not all people are not living in the same place as people can not people in deserts or other inhospitable places, hence the increase of population in some specific places increases the issues.
We can find eight regions where the population is very high. They are New York, Europe, Nile Valley and Ganges Valley, Mumbai, Eastern China, Indonesia and Japan. A question arises, why these particular places have higher population? It is because in all these places you would either find large number of industries, Holy places or film industries. On the other hand, there are eight regions with very low population. These regions are Northern Canada, Amazon Basin, North Africa, South-West Africa, Central Asia, Arctic Region and Central Australia. These have a low population because some places are either very hot, very cold, mainly desert or with other harsh conditions.
As for Pakistan, the situation is alarming. The population is increasing rapidly and with that resources are scarce. In Pakistan life expectancy is 62 for male and 64 for female. According to the Population census, there are 58% male in Pakistan and 48.76% female.
The ten countries with the lowest life expectancy are: Nigeria (43), Sierra Leone (41), Malawi (40), Zambia (38), Rwanda (44), Equatorial Guinea (43), Zimbabwe (37), Central African Republic (39), Angola (41) And Botswana (35).
Regardless of these few countries with not more than 45 years’ life expectancy, the world population is still increasing. However, experts believe Europe’s population is going to decrease. In 1999 the population of Europe was 729 million, but according to established record, it says at 2050 Europe’s population will be 628 million.
Increasing population brings a number of problems. In 1900 the world population was at 1650 million, but now it is above seven billion. Food is one of the biggest problem today even after mass production, not everyone on the planet is receiving enough food. There are 795 million such people who do not get enough food for the day.
For years, Chinese policies toward population control were strict and harsh but those tactics worked in some ways. China has controlled its population a great extend with its one child policy. On the other hand, the reason for higher birth rates in Nigeria (5.53), Pakistan (3.48), India (5.53) is mainly following traditional ways and cultural norms. That says it is normal to have large families.
In many instances, people move from one place to another for opportunities. Due to urbanization, the population of cities can be higher. The percentage of rural people were 83.0% in 1947 and urban 17.0, but in 2016 the percentage became 60.78 % in rural areas and urban 39.22  throughout the world. The result shows how people are compelled to leave villages for jobs, education etc. But there can be fewer jobs and everyone cannot get great facilities
As the world population increases, there will be fewer and fewer resources and more issues. Hence, it is time for nations throughout the world to take action and set population policies. This is ensure better living standards and more opportunities for everyone!
The writer is a student at DELTA institution. He can be reached at rehmatbb125@gmail.com 

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