Despite huge funding in the last one decade, Balochistan still struggles to educate its youth and fails to make its case valid before the policy makers to not only focus on more funding but work on better strategies.
Since, education not only gives knowledge, but rather is a tool that develops over time and change sour understanding into something better. It helps to build opinions, argument sand perspectives to view life and the world. But in this modern era when every nation is in a race to progress, it is painful to when we cannot catch up with the pace.
Though money solves a lot of problems – education as such, but in Balochistan, where education sector has received a larger portion of the budget, the issue of education still could not be solved. Being the richest province with natural resources and having lots of funds allocated for education, Balochistan should have solved the problem by now but that hasn’t been the case.
According to a survey by Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, the overall literacy rate of Balochistan is 46%.That says 6 out of every 10 people living in Balochistan is illiterate – this is the largest number of illiterate people compared to the other provinces. Out of 3.6 million children, only 1.3 million children go to school in theprovince. Many of the out-of-school children are affected by drugs and many amongst them specially young boys are seen working in workshops or picking up garbage.
A major reason forout-of-school-children is lack of basic facilities in schools. According to a report by Alif Ailan, 65% schools in Balochistan do not have drinking water, 61%of them are without the boundary walls and toilets, 56% schools have no electricity while more than 15% schools have turned into ghost schools.
Furthermore, district Kech and its nearby villages are also affected where most public schools do not even have course books for the students. Huge number of students is another problem when more than 60 students are forced to sit in one classroom with a single teacher who can hardly teach them all together. On the other hand, the remote villages and tehsils like Tump, Buleida, shapok, Kohad and Balicha suffermore. These are the villages with a large number of ghost schools and ghost teachers.
District Kech is only one example, Balochistan’s each district suffers in one way or the other. Not having teachers and basic facilities makes it almost impossible for millions of children to get education. The problem increases when no one form the education department or local government visits these schools.
However, to change these alarming statistics, Government will first have to take notice of the primary level education throughout Balochistan. Together with funding,government will have to find ways to make funding more effective.